President Egils Levits is already dictating the rules to a Prime Minister who has not yet been elected
In his addresses to the Saeima, Levits has repeatedly talked about the introduction of a new minister of state. He has also promised to come up with amendments to the Law on the Cabinet of Ministers. But neither has this been done, nor has this idea found open ears in Parliament. By announcing his rules a few months before the elections, Levits certainly has a better chance of getting his way. Moreover, this position of Levits is much closer to how a rule that the Constitution enshrines - “The Cabinet shall be formed by the person who has been invited by the President to do so” - is perceived by a part of the public: the President acts on his own, rather than following what parties say.
"I will call on the next Prime Minister-designate to present a concrete, well-reasoned and well-developed reform plan to tackle the stagnating backwardness of public governance. And please do not come to me with your basic, primitive, populist proposals," the President said.
Levits justifies the need for a new post by the fact that Latvia's public administration is built on the 19th century model with strictly divided competencies among ministries and is therefore unable to respond quickly and qualitatively either to the needs of society or to various challenges that today require the involvement of several ministries.
"It is not suited to the complex world of the 21st century, which requires cross-sectoral and inter-institutional cooperation," says Levits, mentioning the words of Andris Bite, President of the Confederation of Employers of Latvia, that each ministry lives in its own world, but if multi-ministerial cooperation is needed, "then problems arise".
The President listed a number of problems that society and the country face, in his view, because of the outdated government model. For example, the digital governance of the country. "The data required by the social services are still mostly processed manually by local authorities (...) And that is why the digital governance of the country must be transformed by the next government, by the next Saeima, so that it serves the public. So - convenient, efficient and accessible to all. And this area should be overseen by a politically accountable official at the Cabinet level. There should also be a politically accountable official for Latvia's green course and the corresponding reforms in the economy, because these are all cross-institutional and cross-sectoral issues," says Levits, also outlining the creation of a second Minister of State.
His idea of introducing a minister of state is not new. In Latvia's history, there has been a similar type of minister - a minister of state for special tasks. And there have been such ministers in almost every ministry. Latvia has had several ministers for special tasks, such as the Minister for Social Integration, the Minister for Children and Family Affairs, the Minister for Local Government, etc. The remuneration of these ministers is the same as that of ministers, according to the Law on Remuneration of Officials and Employees of State and Local Government Authorities. This year, the salary before taxes of ministers is €4,950, excluding representation expenses.